a new one


a readymade: east coast 2017

after the wine, a long walk
through crooked streets and straight
under drips of air conditioners high up,
and a subway grating’s fetid breath on my legs 
decaying villages at midnight, greenwich and not
fused into a fungal growth of cobbles and asphalt
black trashbags slick with urine, and the homeless
cats slumping around, pouncing on scuttling things
a waiter squinting through the burn of his cigarette
his unembroidered favela dense with grandiosity
the squalor of history patinating its present
design and darwin choking each other
new york to a californian.


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old poetry

In cleaning up, I came across some poems I wrote at the end of the the 90s, in Princeton.

10 Haiku and 4 Poems – 1998-2000

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rape culture

This recent Rolling Stone article about rape at the University of Virginia is pretty upsetting.

It’s just the latest in a string of horror stories over the past year about rape culture, lack of empathy and denial, both generally and on American campuses in particular.  It seems hard to separate the brutality in the frat house, students’ misogynistic ideas about social hierarchy, negligence and mishandling of complaints by campus security, and a sweeping-under-the-rug attitude by PR-minded administrators.  This is a pervasive values problem. As the article notes,

UVA’s emphasis on honor is so pronounced that since 1998, 183 people have been expelled for honor-code violations such as cheating on exams. And yet paradoxically, not a single student at UVA has ever been expelled for sexual assault.

My first response was to try to pin the horror safely on the South.  The data, however, don’t cooperate.

A search for “rape at Princeton”—my alma mater, safely up north and recently ranked #1 in undergraduate education for the nth time by US News and World Report—turns up an official figure of 5 rapes on campus last year.  Maybe that doesn’t sound so bad; it’s lower than the CDC’s estimate of rape incidence in the US overall (about 1/1000 of the population per year).  But how real is this figure?  It seems that the same Title IX investigation now digging into mishandling of sexual violence complaints at UVA is also targeting Princeton, along with more than 50 other American universities.  I’ve put the complete list at the bottom of this post, for the interested.

I don’t know for sure why Princeton is on this list, but a piece in Jezebel from earlier this year might supply a clue.  It describes a rape survey report conducted in 2008, which the University tried to bury, concluding that

One in six female Princeton undergraduates said they experienced “non-consensual vaginal penetration” during their time at the University.

Sounds like rape to me—if narrowly defined.  Assuming four years at college and a student body of 5000 with the genders evenly split, that would amount to over 100 rapes per year.  Could this number have gone down by a factor of 20 between 2008 and 2014?  Really?

Despite decades of lip service, it seems at first glance like nothing much has happened for women’s rights since I went to college in the 90s.  But in the next decade, gender and sexual politics may really—finally—start to change.  Let’s be optimists.  Perhaps the parade of absurdist horror we’ve seen in the past year (more campus rapes, the Bill Cosby scandal, gamergate, Mattel’s Computer Engineer Barbie book, etc., etc.) heralds a shift in the wind, a collective sense that we’ve finally understood as a society that something is very wrong, has been for a long time, and that we’ve had enough.  As The Guardian points out,

[…] it’s no coincidence that anti-feminist backlash happens most often when women’s rights are on an upswing.

Maybe we’re finally getting it.

The Title IX investigation list:

AZ Arizona State University
CA Butte-Glen Community College District
CA Occidental College
CA University of California-Berkeley
CA University of Southern California
CO Regis University
CO University of Colorado at Boulder
CO University of Colorado at Denver
CO University of Denver
CT University of Connecticut
DC Catholic University of America
FL Florida State University
GA Emory University
HI University of Hawaii at Manoa
ID University of Idaho
IL Knox College
IL University of Chicago
IN Indiana University-Bloomington
IN Vincennes University
MA Amherst College
MA Boston University
MA Emerson College
MA Harvard College
MA Harvard University—Law School
MA University of Massachusetts-Amherst
MD Frostburg State University
MI Michigan State University
MI University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
NC Guilford College
NC University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
ND Minot State University
NH Dartmouth College
NJ Princeton University
NY Cuny Hunter College
NY Hobart and William Smith Colleges
NY Sarah Lawrence College
NY Suny at Binghamton
OH Denison University
OH Ohio State University
OH Wittenberg University
OK Oklahoma State University
PA Carnegie Mellon University
PA Franklin and Marshall College
PA Pennsylvania State University
PA Swarthmore College
PA Temple University
TN Vanderbilt University
TX Southern Methodist University
TX The University of Texas-Pan American
VA College of William and Mary
VA University of Virginia
WA Washington State University
WI University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
WV Bethany College
WV West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine
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maria and dave

Maria-Dave-Blaise - by Petra

It’s been a fun week.  On Wednesday night, our good friend Maria Semple organized an 826 benefit at Town Hall with Dave Eggers, and invited me onstage to do the reading with them and answer questions.  Maria read from Bernadette‘s letter to her mentor (both funny and quite beautiful), and the three of us did an ominous trialogue from The Circle— me as bad guy, obviously–

The Circle - our passage

Dave and Maria have entirely different approaches to writing, and were a vivid contrast. Notes vs. no notes, composed in scenes vs. start to end, personal vs. journalistic (with the exception of A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius), parallel vs. serial production. There was a healthy dose of mutual respect, and a certain amount of ribbing (I now know an alternate definition of “underwritten”, an adjective applied, retracted, and then on provocation re-applied by Maria in a very Bernadetteish moment).

Underwritten or not, Dave’s spontaneous McSweeney’s-style sketches are impressive:

Eggers - HeartbreakingEggers - What is the whatEggers - Zeitoun

Feeling pretty happy about our life and friends in Seattle.

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christopher frizzelle interview

Hey, I made it onto Slog last week!  Exciting, since this is pretty much my main source of news.  I think life wouldn’t be so bad if The Stranger really were the English-speaking world’s only newspaper.


Christopher Frizzelle did this short interview with me in advance of my “special appearance”.  I’m copying some of it here in case, you know, the authorities raid The Stranger’s offices, find the drugs, and shut down their Internet operations–

In Dave Eggers’s novel The Circle, images uploaded by regular people through social media become terrifying surveillance tools—creating a total loss of privacy worldwide. Is it possible that innocuous, personal images like that—me and my mom at the beach, say—can be mined for data to such terrifying ends?

The Circle envisions a lot of scenarios far beyond photo sharing. The sinister “closing of the circle” involves a total destruction of privacy by means including mandatory sign-up of the whole population using real names, embedding of tracking chips in the human body, radical public self-quantification, and ubiquitous realtime cameras streaming high-definition video from everywhere on Earth. So no, a few photos of you and your mom on the beach posted to a social media site are probably about as innocuous as they sound.

Of course, given that the web empowers us all to be publishers with global reach, we have new social responsibilities. Abuses of these responsibilities have created the potential for harm to oneself or to others. I’m thinking of revenge porn and online bullying.

Social media aside, I personally think privacy in the online era is a very real concern—especially given the many benefits of using the Internet and the cloud to store and transmit personal data. Pretty much all of us do this—it’s enormously empowering and convenient. Remember what life was like before email or messaging, and when photos lived in shoeboxes or, even worse, on those external hard drives that tend to no longer work when left on the shelf for a few years? So I think it’s very important for us to have an Internet we can trust with our stuff, without worrying that the government is surveilling it without a warrant. That’s one of the reasons I’ve found the Snowden leaks so upsetting, and why I believe we need strong Fourth Amendment-like protections for our private data, whether offline or online.

Reading The Circle made me terrified of the future. What was your reaction?

I’m a cautious optimist, and I see it as my job to do what I can to influence the future positively and mindfully. I don’t believe in a zero-sum worldview in which we must choose between privacy and self-quantification, for example, or between introspection and social behavior. I think that well-made technology can empower us to be more human, not less.

I listen and read a lot. I picked up a copy of The Circle back when it first came out not only because Dave Eggers is a brilliant writer, but also because I think he’s an important thinker. Those of us who are engineering new technology should look closely at both utopian and dystopian futures. We should understand something about the bright and dark spots of our history too—these are powerful inoculants. By avoiding the blithe ahistoricism and anti-intellectualism of characters like Mae in The Circle, or Eunice Park in Gary Shteyngart’s Super Sad True Love Story, we can avoid making some of the obvious mistakes.

Maria Semple has said you were the inspiration for the TED-talking, Microsoft-genius dad in her book Where’d You Go, Bernadette. What did you think of Where’d You Go, Bernadette? What was it like to read about a character loosely based on you?

Of course it was really fun! Maria seemed a little apprehensive about this when she sent the advance copy. But Elgie and I are only similar in some very broad outlines. The character is developed purely to serve the story’s ends; she didn’t set out to make a portrait of me. So while it was a funny shock to read those few semi-biographical sentences, the feeling wore off quickly as the story picked up. I loved the book, and posted a review on my blog. It’s timely, well-written, scorchingly funny, and ultimately packs quite a punch. I kind of knew it would go big.

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A letter to Washington.


The Honorable Eric Holder
Department of Justice
Robert F. Kennedy Building
Tenth Street and Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20530

Dear Attorney General Holder:

I recently attended the TED2014 conference, where I had occasion to listen to talks by Edward Snowden and NSA Deputy Director Richard Ledgett.

I’m a longtime member of the TED community– it’s my 10th year attending.  I’m a technologist with a background in applied math and neuroscience, currently leading a team working on Machine Intelligence at Google.  In this letter I’m speaking for myself, not for my employer.

I wanted to take this opportunity to share with you my thoughts on the issues around Edward Snowden’s disclosures.

The disclosures– and the debate they launched– have revitalized democratic oversight. President Obama himself has said: “I welcome this debate.  And I think it’s healthy for our democracy.”

The President is right. The debate has been healthy for our democracy and for democracies around the world.  Before the disclosures, all three branches of the government had approved these programs in the dark.  Now, all three branches of government are engaged in a historic re-evaluation of the NSA’s surveillance practices.  And President Obama has agreed to end the mass tracking of Americans’ phone calls.

As a senior leader in information technology (prior to Google I was a Distinguished Engineer at Microsoft working on online services), I have been especially troubled by what I have learned about the NSA’s activities– and I am grateful to Edward Snowden for working with journalists to educate the public about them.  The NSA’s dragnet surveillance activities, and its exploitation of vulnerabilities in communications networks, have undermined our cybersecurity and harmed our business– especially overseas.  We are now collectively perceived as having abused our stewardship of much of the world’s cloud computing and communications technology.

The revelations have been shocking, and I can only wish they had come out sooner, to allow for an earlier course correction.  I believe that showing leniency to Edward Snowden would send a powerful message to the world that the US takes these concerns seriously– and is serious about reform.


Blaise Aguera y Arcas

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30 years of TED

TED2014Throughout most of last week I was wearing a giant badge with a metal tag on it announcing that this was my 10th TED.  The conference itself was in retrospective mode, celebrating its 30th birthday.  Nostalgia aside though, in many ways this was my favorite TED yet– lots of strong talks, including a remarkable interview with Edward Snowden (and response from NSA Deputy Director Richard Ledgett).  My life has been greatly enriched by the ten weeks I’ve spent in Monterey, Long Beach, and now (thankfully) Vancouver.  Of course not all of the talks are good, but many of the most surprising and delightful things I’ve seen and heard in the past decade, and many of the most interesting people I’ve met, I’ve seen, heard and met there.

A number of us were asked to play futurist for the TED blog and write down our predictions about the biggest and most surprising changes heading our way over the next 30 years.  Mine are:

1. Machine Intelligence

I think that just as the Internet has been such a great driver of change across so many spheres over the past 20 years, we will see machine intelligence in the same role over the coming decades.

Today, we are as an intelligent species essentially singular. There are of course some other brainy species, like chimpanzees, dolphins, crows and octopuses, but if anything they only emphasize our unique position on Earth— as animals richly gifted with self-awareness, language, abstract thought, art, mathematical capability, science, technology and so on. Many of us have staked our entire self-concept on the idea that to be human is to have a mind, and that minds are the unique province of humans. For those of us who are not religious, this could be interpreted as the last bastion of dualism. Our economic, legal and ethical systems are also implicitly built around this idea.

Now, we’re well along the road to really understanding the fundamental principles of how a mind can be built, and Moore’s Law will put brain-scale computing within reach this decade. (We need to put some asterisks next to Moore’s Law, since we are already running up against certain limits in computational scale using our present-day approaches, but I’ll stand behind the broader statement.) When we reach this point, we will find ourselves no longer alone. It’s difficult to overstate the importance that moment will have in our future history.

It may well result in further nonlinearity in the “rate” of history too, since minds and what we’ve dreamt up with them have been the engine behind history and its acceleration.

2. Gender Selection

For many thousands of years we’ve lived in a male-dominated society. I don’t think that we’re shifting toward “female dominance” so much as I think that the whole idea of dominance is a male paradigm, and that it is this paradigm that is being selected against— by increasing population density in the urban cores, increasing education, larger working groups, increasing collaboration, rising technological leverage, global trade and so on. It may be difficult to imagine this now, when the vast majority of the world’s capital is still in the hands of men and many of the STEM fields (which are also among the highest-paid) are still overwhelmingly male, but I think that men— and especially “manly men” exhibiting many of the classical correlates of high testosterone— will be at a distinct disadvantage in 30 years time. This represents a profound upset of the patriarchal system that has defined virtually all of recorded history, so … it’ll be a big deal.

3. Post-subsistence Economics

As machine intelligence, robotics, and technological leverage in general increasingly decouple productivity from labor, we will continue to see unemployment rise even in otherwise healthy economies. The end state is one in which most forms of human labor are simply not required. In 30 years, if not sooner, we will be facing this unprecedented situation— and whether it’s heaven or hell depends on whether we’re able to let go of capitalism, economic Darwinism and the Calvinist ethics that implicitly underlie these systems. Without a change of course, we will see mass unemployment drive a radical acceleration of the already dramatic imbalance between the very wealthy few and everyone else, leading to ugly conditions in the cities and ultimately violent uprising.

On the other hand, if we are able to set aside our Calvinism, we will realize that given the technological efficiencies we have achieved, everyone can live well, with or without a job. Capitalism, entrepreneurship and other systems of differential wealth creation could still function on top of this horizontal base; but everyone must be fed and housed decently, have access to free health care and education, and be able to live a good life. I assume the nation-state will still be a relevant legal and economic construct in 30 years (though I’m not sure, as corporations or possibly other structures will complicate the picture); my guess is that we will see both paths taken in different parts of the world, leading to misery and war in some, where either the benefits of accelerating technology are slow to penetrate or Darwinian economics are left unchecked.

4. Self-modification

We’re rapidly figuring out not only how the brain is engineered, but also the body. Of course this implies greater mastery over mechanisms of disease, but more broadly, as biology becomes first understood and then engineered, Nature becomes open to profound and rapid modification. I don’t doubt that we will be able to alter aging mechanisms, “fix” various bugs in human “design”, make novel organisms and ultimately modify our own natures. As we reach the end of the 30 year period it’s hard for me to imagine that people won’t begin to explore these capabilities, which seems likely to lead to accelerated speciation. Machine intelligence and bioengineering will both demand that we rethink our legal and ethical foundations in a variety of ways.

5. Space

The world’s space programs have been essentially dormant for decades, as we’ve focused inward on developments like computers and the Internet, biology and neuroscience. But as our fundamental technical capabilities improve, barriers to space exploration do begin to come down; what was once a heroic effort requiring the full brunt of the resources of the richest countries on Earth will come within reach of companies and (initially, rich) individuals. We’ve seen only the first stirrings of this with undertakings like SpaceX and Moon Express.

At some point our grasp of materials science and nanofabrication will become sufficient to build a space elevator, at which point our world will expand a great deal as the energetic cost of escaping Earth’s gravity well goes to near zero, as many science fiction writers of the 20th century imagined. While I’m unsure of whether the space elevator will happen within the 30 year period, I’m confident we’ll see this within our lifetimes.

6. Sexual and lifestyle freedom

In 30 years, I think that not only will the more progressive places in the world have finished reconciling themselves to the wide spectrum of sexual orientation and expression, but also to a wide variety of life configurations beyond the nuclear family built around a single lifelong pair-bond. There are many forces contributing to this shift, and I suspect that an empirical case can be made for this in much the same way as for the gender ideas above. This is the least developed of my six ideas, but one that I think will have profound implications.

Bonus: Energy

One thing I’m leaving off the list above is the potential availability of very cheap, very abundant energy at some point in the future.  Many aspects of our outlook are conditioned on the premise that energy is limited and expensive. As a thought experiment, one can ask, “what if energy in virtually any amount were free?” This could imply an end to drought anywhere via desalination of seawater; it could allow us to enact climate controlling interventions on a massive scale, engineer materials that are currently cost-prohibitive, or let us get into space easily even if we continue to do it the hard way.

(Although freely available energy could let us save great ecosystems currently under dire threat, without great care it could also lead to disaster through chemical, thermal, biological and noise pollution on an unprecedented scale.)

We know that in principle vast amounts of energy are available to us through nuclear processes, so in principle an innovation could come along at any time that lets us tap safely into this energy. That would change everything. However, there is no trend or indication that suggests a timeline for such a development— it could happen next week, or still be a pipe dream a century from now.

* * *

As a postscript, one of my colleagues asked me why climate change didn’t make it onto my list.  I suppose it was because the brief was to write about “things that will blow our minds in the next 30 years”, and our climate (and more broadly, environmental) problem seems likely to be just as bad as everyone intelligent has been saying it’s going to be.  I don’t think a single one of my 10 TEDs so far has failed to include a tightly-argued climate Cassandra– accelerating desertification, molten tundra, drowned cities, a billion displaced people.  So our minds should not be blown when we find out that our models were right.  There are all-too-plausible “mind-blowing” futures in which the problems we’re creating for ourselves are so severe that none of my other predictions come to pass, and we instead experience global climate-mediated civilizational collapse in the Jared Diamond sense.  Even in the best scenario, there will be devastating losses.  Let’s hope that we can pull it together enough to muddle our way through to the amazing futures on the far side of this bottleneck.  I’m cautiously hopeful.

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Nick Wingfield at the New York Times just broke the news that I’m going to Google.  On one hand, of course this is tremendously exciting; Google is a company of grand ambitions and brilliant people.  On the other hand it has been hard— very hard— to detach emotionally from Microsoft.  The company’s leadership has been consistently good to me over these past eight years, and it has been a time filled with creativity and growth and good friends.  It’s painful to leave behind so many wonderful ongoing projects, and even more so to leave behind such a great team.

The hardest decision of my life.

thank you ellen

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latter day scones

“It takes only about 15 minutes to produce a basketful of lovely hot scones, featherlight, on the table.”

Thus begins the Australian Women’s Weekly recipe on p. 76 of the Cooking Class Cookbook. Although I’ve put the scone recipe on styleisviolence before, it was perhaps not in the most digestible form. I’ll adapt it more readably here, since this is a recipe that I’m sure we’ll need in a pinch somewhere, sometime in the future, perhaps on a drizzly day in a Scottish castle with good WiFi, or to impress expats at the British embassy in Algiers.


  • 2 cups flour
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 1oz (30g) butter
  • ½ cup milk
  • ¼ cup water

Preheat oven to 475 Fahrenheit. Mix the dry ingredients. Rub in the butter with the fingertips until it resembles fine breadcrumbs; do not over-handle. Pour in the milk and water and mix lightly and quickly to form the dough. Turn it out onto a floured surface, knead lightly and pat to a 2cm thickness. Cut into cylinders with a floured champagne flute. Put the cylinders on a lightly greased cookie sheet, packed in close, and brush with a bit of milk. Bake about 10 minutes, or until done. While baking, whip some cream and find the jam.

Make tea.

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